Male Infertility

What is Male Infertility?

Infertility is fairly common. About 15% of couples are not able to conceive a child, and roughly in one in three of these cases is due to male infertility.

Male infertility can be caused by a low sperm count, abnormality of the sperm, or blockages which stop the sperm from carrying out their course as normal. There is also a range of other factors that may impact a man’s fertility.

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What are the major causes of Male Infertility?


  • Varicocele (a swelling of the veins that can decrease sperm production and quality)
  • Infections (these may interfere with sperm production, and can cause permanent testicular damage)
  • Retrograde ejaculation (when sperm enters the bladder instead of being discharged)
  • Tumours and cancers of the reproductive organs
  • Coeliac disease
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Lack of testosterone



  • Undescended testicles
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Blocked tubes



  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Recreational drug usage
  • Some prescription medications
  • Depression, stress, and emotional pressures may indirectly affect your fertility
  • Obesity


Toowoomba Obstetrics & Gynaecology




  • Exposure to certain chemicals may reduce sperm count.
  • Exposure to lead, and other heavy metals, may reduce sperm count.
  • Exposure to radiation and X-rays
  • High temperature may affect sperm count, including laptop use, sitting for long periods, restrictive clothing, or regular hot baths and saunas.

How can I get Tested?

If you are concerned that you may have any underlying health issues impacting your fertility, please contact your doctor as soon as possible for expert guidance. Fertility tests are quick and easy, and in many cases, infertility can be treated.

Book a consultation today!

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